Civil society is a voluntary and independent group of people of different sectors formed with the purpose of achieving certain objectives. It is the aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens. It is a voluntary, self mobilized, self-directed and organized social lifestyle.
Civil Society is a forum where different social communities have a discussion and get organized. It is a common platform to express the wants, assumptions, and commitments of citizens. It is a non-government and non-profiteering movement that is active in every aspect of social life. It helps people in various aspects.
Civil society is found to be developed during the Lichchhavi period in Nepal. It even had played an important role in the unification of Nepal. At present, civil society is active in the development of a democratic environment, maintaining good governance, development of self-reliance and empowerment of women and minority communities.
The contribution of civil society is highly appreciable in the protection and promotion of democracy. However, it is complained that the civil society is weak in Nepal and its roles are not as much expected.
Characteristics of Civil Society
– It aims at manifesting the expression of the human sense of society.
– It does not aim to make profit from its work.
– It focuses on social awareness and mobilization remaining away from politics.
– It is a movement launched bu the individuals who are disciplined and who respect the spirit of laws.
– It is different than government but concerned with the functions of the government.
– It is the group that conducts programs for the welfare of neglected and lower-level class people with their own participation.
Objectives of Civil Society
– To accept the social happenings in critical form by interpreting the government’s policy and taking a fixed decision.
– To build a platform for the social values, assumptions, wishes, needs, and expression of commitments.
– To construct a network abided by the collective feeling for the social purpose.
– To develop and extend the participatory system as an alternative measure for development.
– To promote the skill and efficiency required to upgrade the lifestyle of people.
Roles of Civil Society
– It helps to develop the various aspects of good governance.
– It helps to assure economic security, land reform, gender equality, and social rights.
– It helps to formulate laws suitable for social empowerment and participation.
– It helps to maintain social unity and solve the challenges of development.
– It provides the necessary knowledge and skills to the citizens so that they can help the government’s effort for the development.
-It expresses the interest and benefits of those who have been excluded politically, socially, and economically.
– It helps in the development of transparency, decentralization and pluralism approach.
– It makes the politician, industrialist and businessmen and other classes of the state accountable toward the people.
Roles and Responsibilities of Civil Society in the context of Nepal
– To encourage the people to participate in the campaign for transforming from dependence to self-dependence.
– To be active for making the capital, resource, means and technology of the country public-oriented.
– To raise the voice for solving the existing challenges of political perversion.
– To adjust the society in the social norms and values.
– To help in the development of skill and efficiency in society so that the people can fulfill their needs by their own efforts.