INFRASTRUCTURE OF DEVELOPMENT
Development is associated with many dimensions like economic progress, improvement in living standards, the fulfillment of needs, environmental balance, social development, development of human capability, and development of technology. Economic development is possible through different socio-economic and cultural activities by utilizing the natural resources with the help of skilled and competent human resource.
We know that a strong foundation of infrastructure is mandatory for the development process. They are the basic requirement for the development process beforehand. The term’infrastructure’ of development refers to those basic structures or foundation that supports the society and the nation for the developmental process. Roads, bridges, water supply, buildings, schools, dams, power plants, electricity, transportation, and hospitals are examples of infrastructures of development. Hence, all the essential prerequisites required for the development process can be prerequisites including physical, economic, social, human resource and technology which are essential for the development works are called infrastructure of development.
Infrastructure helps to accomplish the development programs according to the plan. Therefore, infrastructure provides the foundation to accelerate development activities, improve the socio-economic condition of the society and nation. In this sense, it is difficult to achieve development goals without good enough infrastructures.
THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS ARE INCORPORATED IN THE DEVELOPMENT ISSUES:
– Economic, social, political and cultural progress
– Orientation from traditional system to modernization
– Response to effective and goal-oriented demand
– Production of necessary goods and services
– Poverty alleviation and fulfillment of needs
– Development of technology
-Mobilization of resources
-Promotion of the quality of life.
-Development of human skills
-Equity and liberty
Aspects of Infrastructure of Development
Physical aspects of infrastructure include road, bridges, canals, drainage, building, power plants, dam, telephones, mobiles, etc. They help to carry out development activities according to the development planning.
2. Social Aspect
Social aspects of infrastructure are also equally important to carry out development activities in a sustainable way. The prerequisites like education, communication, transportation, electricity, social security and internet services, etc are the example of the social infrastructure of development. These infrastructures help to meet the development goal.
3. Economic Aspect
Without economic infrastructure development is almost impossible. If there are a string and sustainable economic infrastructure, development activities can be launched effectively. Banks and other financial institutions, industries, capital investment, marketing of goods and services are examples of the economic aspect of development.
4. Human Resource Aspect
Eductaed, well trained and skilled persons in particular sectors us considered and human resources. The skilled manpower is required in the field of education, agriculture, health, communication, science and technology. Such skilled and educated manpower comes under the human resources aspect. Doctors, engineers, teachers, lawyers, technicians, surveyors, journalists, electricians, plumbers, masons, pilots, etc are examples of dexterous human resources. Skilled human resource is essential to carry out development activities.